(Hyperthyroidism or overactive)

thyroid is a condition in which thyroid gland produce excess hormones i.e T3, T4 in contrary to the amount required by our body. Common symptoms that patients.

  • Intolerance toheat
  • Nervousness orirritability
  • Moist skin orexcessive sweating
  • Palpitation orincrease heart rate
  • Loose stools
  • Menstrualabnormality
  • Muscle ache orweakness

Hyperthyroidism can be due to various causes like Graves` disease (in which body immunity act against thyroid cells and leads to over activation of thyroid cells), Overfunctioning nodule in thyroid(Autonomus hyperfunctional solitary or multiple thyroid nodule) or due to thyroiditis( Due to spillage of thyroid hormone from inflamed or swollen thyroid.
T3, T4 & TSH testing can confirm the diagnosis. Neck ultrasound or thyroid scan may be added to the primary tests to confirm the underlying etiology. It is important to see a specialist if any abnormality is detected as delay in diagnosis can have catastrophic affect on various body organs. Treatment of hyperthyroidism depends upon the underlying cause ranging from drugs, radio-iodine (in which iodine is given to destroy to the hyperfunctional gland) or surgical removal of gland. Definitive therapy has to be individualized for each patient.