Thyroid Condition and Pregnancy

If you are considering starting a family anytime soon in future, do get your thyroid levels checked to avoid complications during pregnancy.  Women, who have a pre-existing case of the thyroid condition, should be constantly under the doctor’s guidance in pregnancy, especially in the first trimester.

Understanding the anatomy of the thyroid gland

Thyroid, an organ sitting at the front of your neck, secretes hormones that regulate the metabolism and controls the functions of the heart, nerves, weight, body temperatures and other vital processes in the body. A thyroid condition that goes undiagnosed or is not managed well can cause fatal consequences, for both the mother and the growing fetus. The thyroid conditions get flared up due to numerous factors like infections in the body, a leaky gut, food sensitivities, nutritional deficiencies, to name a few. Discuss all issues with a specialist to wave out any complications in conception and pregnancy.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism will be so similar to pregnancy symptoms, that they are sometimes missed. Sensitivity to hot temperatures, increase in heartbeat, vomiting, nausea, and nervousness, to name a few. You could also experience insomnia, weight loss or very low increase in weight, again, very common symptoms in pregnancy. For conditions of hypothyroidism, you will experience difficulty in concentration, constipation issues, sensitivity to cold temperatures, muscle cramps and more.

Thyroid disease and pregnancy

The most common type of hypothyroidism is caused by the autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s- American Thyroid Association

Grave’s disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy. In this condition, the body makes an antibody called Thyroid stimulating-immunoglobin (TSI), which directs the thyroid gland to produce an excessive amount of hormones. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the autoimmune condition responsible for causing hypothyroidism in pregnancy. Not only does this condition cause hair loss, anxiety, and fatigue, it gives rise to major complications in pregnancy.

The consequences of an untreated thyroid condition in pregnancy are dangerous. It could lead to conditions like a pre-term birth, pre-eclampsia (sudden shoot up of blood pressure), miscarriages, low-birth weight and even a stillbirth.

Some more advice on wrap-up

Women with a thyroid condition can sail easily through pregnancy if this problem is well-monitored at the hands of an expert practitioner. Follow the advice of your doctor and get your thyroid levels checked regularly.

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